Version vom 9. Oktober 2019, 12:43 Uhr von Verena
"All we need to live a good life surrounds us.
Sun, wind, people, buildings, stones, sea, birds and plants.
Cooperation with all these things brings harmony,
opposition to them brings disaster and chaos."
- Bill Mollison, Co-Founder of Permaculture
00:22 Film beginnt mit Blick auf den sich drehenden, blauen Planeten (siehe "blue marble", cover des Whole Earth Catalogs)
Bilder: Sonnenuntergang, Großstadt, Fabrikschlote, konventionelle Landwirtschaft, Tierhaltung, Supermarkt, Verkehrsnetz
01:33 Konzept der "keystone species": eine Spezies in einem Ökosystem, deren Population und Verhalten alle anderen Spezies beeinflusst => Mensch
01:47 Interview Frau: Fundament des jetziges Systems (economic system, political ideology) basiert auf einem falschen Verständnis von Natur, dem Verständnis, dass wir irgendwie getrennt sind von "natürlichen Systemen"
02:08 Grund warum Zivilisationen aufgehört haben zu existieren: weil sie ihre eigenen Ressouces, ihre Lebensgrundlagen zerstört haben
02:25 agriculture comes from agrarian: soil, agrarian culture means the enrichment of it agriculture today it is an extraction, a depletion of soil, an extractive process closer to mining https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture#Etymology_and_scope
02:44 top soil loss in agriculture: 22mm per acre per year (Oberboden, Mutterboden, Humusschicht)
02:57 present world: industrial economy, centralization, mass production, long distance transportation - contrarian to evolution (?) how can we as a species adapt to how the earth works (?)
03:35 to design an agriculture or a culture that is ecological: look to our local models - the forest
03:55 an ecosystem generally doesnt require lots of energy input from the outside, from another ecosystem (???) It´s finding a way to work with the sun and all the natural cycles of the season to produce what it needs
04:09 nature is the best thing we got. We don´t have anything else (???)
04:29 lets now design ecosystems, that are ecologically sound, and economically productive - permanent agriculture...
04:41 permaculture is not a thing, it´s a way of thinking, a process of Design permanent + agriculture - can we create a permanent agriculture not permanent in the sense of concrete, but grounded in the resilient diversity of how ecosystems work... (???) also a permanent culture, can culture become sth. that is grounded in the real resilience of biology (???)
05:30 look at permaculture design as a whole way of seeing the world, looking at problems and seeing how they can turn into solutions
05:40 Permaculture is a design process that is applicable in any landscape for any set of objectives
05:50 (Ben Falk) Permaculture is dependant on the prospects for us doing good, not us just doing less bad. And that really has been the driver of a lot of modern environmental movements, it´s people doing less bad. Let's just do less damage, be "eco", lower our footprint.
06:10 concepts like this create a very dangerous self-image, because it is an self-image based on the notion that we are inherently bad, a scorge on the face of the planet.
06:28 (Ben Falk) If I want to have a small impact as possible, ultimately, it'd be better if you didn´t live with that approach. That´s where you go with that philosophy. Well I don´t wanna be dead, I wanna live, and I want the lives around me to live better as well because I have lived.
So all the sudden humans are doing good. And then, impact is a great thing. Footprint ist something we want to leave.